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Abstract


The purpose of the hydrogen hybrid battery(HHB) is to convert aluminum to electrical power as a way to efficiently recycle aluminum. The hydrogen fuel cell has not been getting the spotlight that it deserves. This is because almost all of the hydrogen gas that we consume is produced by water electrolysis where electric power is required to split water into hydrogen and oxygen gas. The requirement of electrical power defeats the purpose of the hydrogen fuel cell where the same or lesser electrical power is produced depending on the efficiency of the hydrogen fuel cell. Creating aluminum also requires electrical power, but with a series of chemical reactions to convert aluminum back to electrical without any requirement for any external electrical power, there are three major advantages. The first advantage is the utility that the aluminum could be used for before it gets recycled. The second advantage is how portable and safe aluminum is comparing with hydrogen gas. The third advantage is that the process is environmentally friendly where the waste product is aluminum hydroxide which can be used for medical purposes.

Applications


  • Power plants
  • Battery manufacturers
  • Transportation

Chemistry


There are three chemical reactions that take place for aluminum to be converted to electrical power. Idealistically, the reactions below would be used:
2Al+6HCl -> 2AlCl3+3H2
2H2+O2+4e- -> 2H2O
2AlCl3+3H2O -> 2Al(OH)3 + 6HCl

Components


The HHB has the aluminum to hydrogen gas generator, the hydrogen fuel cell, hydrogen gas regulator, a 12V battery, and a converter for aluminum chloride to hydrochloric acid. The dimensions of the HHB will be no greater than 4 feet x 4 feet x 4 feet. Product is still in designing stage.